What is the PERT Test?

The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test (PERT) is a standardized placement test primarily used in the state of Florida. It is designed to assess the academic skills and readiness of high school students for college education. The main aim of the PERT testing is to accurately identify a student's strengths and weaknesses in key academic areas, which helps in putting them in appropriate college course placement.

Here are some key characteristics of PERT Testing:

-The PERT evaluates three core areas:

  • Mathematics: covers algebra, geometry & statistics. It tests problem-solving abilities, mathematical reasoning, and the understanding of concepts like equations, functions, and graph analysis. The format is primarily multiple-choice questions.
  • Reading: assesses comprehension skills, including identifying main ideas and details, making inferences, and understanding vocabulary in context. Questions are based on the given passages and require interpretation and analysis.
  • Writing: evaluates standard written English, focusing on grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and organization. It tests the ability to express ideas clearly and coherently in writing, including organizing thoughts and using correct grammar and syntax. The questions often involve editing and sentence completion tasks.

Each section focuses on the skills deemed essential for success in college-level coursework.

-Adaptive Nature: The test is computer-adaptive, meaning the difficulty of questions adjusts based on the test-taker's responses. If a question is answered correctly, the next question becomes more challenging, and vice versa.

-Format and Scoring: The PERT testing is composed of multiple-choice questions, with each section containing around 30 questions. There is no time limit for the test, but it usually takes about 90 minutes to complete the entire test. The scores are used to determine the appropriate level of college courses for the student, particularly in the areas of math and English.

Understanding the structure and purpose of the PERT testing is crucial for students in Florida as it plays a significant role in their educational path, ensuring they enroll in courses that match their current level of knowledge and skills.

How do I Study for the PERT?

Below you will find a concise set of studying tips for each section of the PERT testing:


  1. Key Concepts: Focus your math studies on these 3 sub-topics: Algebra, Geometry, and basic statistics.
  2. Memorize Formulas: Learn essential formulas and their applications.


  1. Reading Comprehension: Engage in diverse reading and practice summarizing texts.
  2. Analytical Skills: Work on identifying main ideas and analyzing texts.


  1. Grammar Review: Brush up on grammar, sentence structure, and punctuation.
  2. Understand Essay Structure: Know how to structure an essay with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion.
  3. Review Writing Samples: Look at sample essays or writing prompts and practice writing responses. This can also help in understanding what graders look for in the writing section.

General Tips 

  1. Practice Tests: Regularly take practice tests to familiarize yourself with the test’s format.
  2. Review Mistakes: Analyze your practice test answers to identify areas for improvement.

Focusing on these key areas will help you prepare effectively for each section of the PERT.

PERT Sample Questions

PERT Math Practice Test

The Math section of the PERT Testing covers the following topics: 

  • operations and properties.
  • Fractions, decimals, and percentages.
  • Solving linear equations and inequalities.
  • College algebra expressions and equations.
  • Functions and their properties.
  • Geometry concepts, such as area, perimeter, and volume.

The questions on the Math section vary in difficulty to gauge the student's proficiency in both basic and more advanced mathematical concepts. Some questions may involve critical thinking and problem-solving skills. The PERT Math section allows the use of an on-screen calculator. However, certain questions may be designed to assess a student's ability to solve problems without a calculator.

Here are four sample questions that represent the various topics being tested on this section:

Question #1
What is the equation of a line which cross the points: A(6,5) and B(-2,-3)?

A. y = x - 1
B. y = 0.5x - 2
C. y = 8x + 8
D. y = x - 2

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (A).

The line equation is where slope and the intersection point of the line and the y axis.

The slope can be found by the difference of the two points:

Use the set of given points: , , and find the slope:


Find the intersect point of the line with the y axis. Use the line equation formula: and one of the points given in the problem.
For example, use :


Accordingly, the correct answer is (A).

If you chose answer (B), review your calculations, paying attention to the signs. If you chose answer (C), review your calculations, especially the line equation definitions. If you chose answer (D), review your calculations, especially of n.

Question #2
Use the image of the triangle and rectangle below to answer the question.

What is the length of the rectangle's diagonal (m)?

A. 13
B. 15
C. 16
D. 17

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (D).

To solve this question, you need to perform the two main steps involved in calculating the missing sides using the Pythagorean theorem.

According to the theorem, a right-angled triangle (illustrated in the picture above) contains a hypotenuse square equal to the other two sides' sum. It can also be represented in the formula: (a^2+b^2=c^2)

Look at the right-angled triangle in the question. Two sides of it are given so you can find the hypotenuse using the Pythagorean theorem. Notice that the triangle's hypotenuse is also the rectangle's missing side, which will be valuable in the next step to find its diagonal. To find the hypotenuse, place the given values in the formula (mark the missing hypotenuse with h):

equationNote: since all rectangle angles are right angles, and the parallel sides are equal, the diagonal of the rectangle (\(m\)) creates two equal right-angled triangles.

With the Pythagorean theorem, you can use the given side length and the length of the missing side that you found, and calculate the triangle's hypotenuse, which is the rectangle's diagonal (m)


Therefore, the correct answer is (D).

Question #3

Sarah wants to build eight identical wooden chairs for the new dinner table in her house. One pound of wood costs three and a half dollars. She uses sixteen and a half pounds to build three chairs.

How much will it cost her to build all the chairs she wants?

A. $44 
B. $57.75
C. $74.66
D. $154

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (D).

  • First, you need to find the amount of wood required to build eight chairs. You should start by finding the amount required for one chair. It is pointed out that Sarah uses 16.5 pounds for three chairs, so in order to find the amount required for 1 chair, you need to divide it by three:

16.5÷3=15÷3+1.5÷3=5+0.5=5.5 Pounds.

  • Next, multiply the result by 8 to find the amount required to build all chairs:

5.5×8=(5×8)+(0.5×8)=40+4=44 (Pounds).

  • Finally, to find the cost of all the wood required, you need to multiply the amount found by the cost of one pound of wood, which is three and a half dollars:

44×3.5=(44×3)+(44×0.5)=(40×3)+(4×3)+(44÷2)=120+12+22=154 (Dollars).

Therefore, the correct answer is (D)

Question #4

Look at the scores of the final English exam:
scores questions
What is David's score, if the mean is 75?

A. 65
B. 70
C. 75
D. 80

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (B).

  • The mean is the average of a data set (exam scores in this case). To find it, you add up all the data set items and divide the sum by the number of items.

  • In this question, you are given most of the data set and its mean, so you can find the missing value by creating an equation and marking David's score with a variable (x):

          equation 2

  • To solve this equation, multiply both sides by 6:

        multiply 6

  • Using the formed equation, you could discover the missing item of the data set, David's score on the exam (70), and therefore (B) is the correct answer.

  • Another way of solving is by using the mean's property- the sum of the distances from the mean must be zero. If you then add the differences of all scores, including David's, from 75, it should be equal to zero.

  • You can create an equation of the distances of all scores from 75 and mark David's score difference from 75 as x:

    88 is 13 points higher than 75 (+13), 62 is 13 points lower than 75 (-13), 100 is 25 points higher than 75 (+25), 49 is 26 points lower than 75 (-26), and 81 is 6 points higher than 75 (+6).
    Now you can create the equation to find David's difference and discover his score:
  • David's score should be 5 points lower than 75 (-5): 75 - 5 = 70 → David's score in the exam is 70 and (B) is the correct answer.


PERT Reading Practice Test

The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test reading comprehension section aims to measure a student's ability to understand and analyze written passages. The section consists of multiple-choice questions based on one or more reading passages. Passages may cover a variety of topics, including humanities, science, and social sciences. Some questions may require students to refer to specific details or evidence from the passage to support their answers. The scores of the PERT reading test range between 50 and 150. 

Here are the skills assessed by the PERT Reading section: 

  • Comprehension: Understanding the main idea, supporting details, and the author's purpose. 
  • Analysis: Interpreting information, making inferences, and drawing conclusions. 

Here are a few Reading sample questions that reflect the questions on the real assessment:

Question #1-#4

Read the passage below before answering the questions.

Little benefit is expected from climate change, but scientists have found at least one species that seems to be better off in a rapidly warming world. The Brown Argus butterfly has increased its range in England northward by about 50 miles over the past two decades. While not unexpected—many species have already responded to recent warming by moving—what makes the Brown Argus butterfly different is that the change in range has actually benefited the species.

In its caterpillar form, the Brown Argus feeds off wild geranium plants, but only in warmer summers—which is exactly what’s been happening in England and much of the rest of the world thanks to climate change. Over the past 20 years, the Brown Argus, which was considered scarce in the 1980s, has spread northward and now flourishes in much of southern England.

As David Roy of the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology in the U.K. put it, "The change in diet represents a change to the interactions between species—in this case between a butterfly and the plants that its caterpillars eat—caused by climate warming. Changes to the interactions between species are often predicted to alter the rate at which species shift their distribution in response to climate change; and now we have demonstrated this in nature."

But the Brown Argus butterfly is likely to be the exception to climate change, not the rule. Past periods of sudden climate change in the earth’s history have led to a reduction in biodiversity and even great extinction waves. If warming keeps up at the expected rate—and we’re doing little to slow it down—far more species will suffer.

On the other hand, mostly in regard to mourning days initiated by the people, such as the day of Princess Diana’s funeral in the UK, they reflect a spontaneous bout of pure grief, sometimes manifested in the closing of shops and banks and the cancellation of sports and theater and cinema showings.

1. Which of the following sentences contains an opinion?

A. Scientists have found at least one species that seems to be better off in a rapidly warming world.
B. In its caterpillar form, the Brown Argus feeds off wild geranium plants.
C. The Brown Argus butterfly has increased its range in England northward by about 50 miles over the past two decades.
D. The Brown Argus, which was considered scarce in the 1980s, has spread northward.

2. Which of the following statements best encompasses the main idea of the passage?

A. Brown Argus butterflies have increased in range in England, spreading northward.
B. Climate change is expected to have grave ramifications for our planet, as it will reduce biodiversity.
C. Brown Argus butterflies have benefited from climate change even though climate change tends to be harmful.
D. Due to the case of the Brown Argus butterflies, scientists are less concerned about climate change.

3. Which of the following best describes the text structure of the first paragraph?

A. Sequence
B. Problem–solution
C. Definition–example
D. Causeeffect

4. Which of the following describes the correct sequence of events in the passage?

A. warmer summers – climate change – caterpillars spread northward – butterflies flourish in Southern England – caterpillars feed on geranium
B. climate change – warmer summers – caterpillars eat wild geranium – caterpillars spread northward – butterflies flourish in Southern England
C. climate change – longer summers – increase in caterpillars eating geranium in all of England – caterpillars multiply – more butterflies in Southern England
D. warmer summers – wild geranium present in Southern England – climate change – caterpillars spread northward to feed on geranium – butterflies flourish

Answer & Explanation

1. The correct answer is (A) because the description "seems to be better off" is an opinion. The rest of the answers are facts stated in the passage.

2. The correct answer is (C) as it encapsulates both main points of the passage: the butterflies have benefitted from climate change, but most species are expected to suffer from it.

3. The correct answer is (D) Global warming has "caused" a beneficial "effect" for the Brown Argus butterfly.

4. The correct answer is (B). Consider the following breakdown of the second paragraph:

"In its caterpillar form, the Brown Argus feeds off wild geranium plants, but only in warmer summers—"
In other words: warmer summers → caterpillars feed on geranium

"which is exactly what's been happening in England and much of the rest of the world thanks to climate change."
In other words: climate change → warmer summers → butterflies feed on the geranium

"Over the past 20 years, the Brown Argus, which was considered scarce in the 1980s, has spread northward and now flourishes in much of southern England."
In other words: climate change → warmer summers → butterflies feed on the geranium → caterpillars spread northward → butterflies flourish in Southern England


Question #5

Antonio Vivaldi was an 18th century Italian composer, violinist, teacher, and Catholic priest. He is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe.

He is known mainly for composing many instrumental concertos for the violin and a variety of other instruments, as well as more than forty operas. His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as The Four Seasons. Despite his prolific career, Vivaldi died in poverty.

From this passage one may conclude that Vivaldi ______

A. was best known for his operas.
B. taught violin.
C. lived in the 1800s.
D. was not well rewarded for his art.

Answer & Explanation
Answer (D) is correct.

The passage discusses Vivaldi’s work, influence, and for what he is known. However, the passage also states that “Vivaldi died in poverty,” implying that he did not reap monetary benefits for his art.


PERT Writing Practice Test

The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test Writing section is designed to evaluate your skills in written English, including grammar, sentence structure, and organization. Here are some of the main subjects tested on the Writing section:  

  • Using conventions of standard English – grammar, usage, and mechanics. 
  • Establishing a topic or thesis.  
  • Synthesizing information from more than one source.  
  • Recognizing commonly misused words and phrases. 
  • Citing data and others’ opinions correctly and coherently.  
  • Spelling. 
  • Capitalization. 
  • Punctuation.  

The scores of the PERT writing test range between 50 and 150. 

Now we will present you with some PERT Writing sample questions that reflect some of the abilities and knowledge that are required on the PERT: 

Question #1

Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct?

A. Some of them are from other countries, but all speaks English well.
B. The two boys who played together go to the same school.
C. Here is the books you were looking for all morning.
D. My favorite basketball team are the Houston Rockets.

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (B).

The subject and the verb in a sentence must always agree. If the subject is singular, the verb should be singular as well. Singular verbs usually end in -s or
If the subject is plural, the verb should be plural too. Plural verbs usually do not end in -s or -es.
The only sentence in which the subject and the verb agree is in answer (B). Both the subject (two boys) and the verb (go) are plural. Therefore, the correct answer is (B).


Question #2

Which of the following sentences includes an example of vague pronoun use?

A. Callie styled her hair in a French braid, in spite of the heavy rain outside, which was the reason she was late for work.
B. Don’t listen to them about anything.
C. Amelie and Jemma went to the mall to try on clothes, and they had a great time.
D. It isn’t wise to have a tank of fish without a filter because it will get dirty.

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (A).

A pronoun is a word that refers to a specific noun in a given context, and its antecedent is the word that is being referred to. Vague pronoun use is when it is unclear what the antecedent is, as there are multiple fitting subjects or objects that could be what the pronoun in the sentence is referring to.

In the sentence in option A, the word “which” is a relative pronoun referring to something that “was the reason [Callie] was late for work.” It is unclear, however, which antecedent it is referring to—the fact that she “styled her hair in a French braid,” or “the heavy rain outside.” That is why it is considered vague pronoun use.


Question #3

Which title of a work of art is capitalized correctly?

A. The Raft of the Medusa
B. In Advance Of the Broken Arm
C. Through The Night Softly
D. I Love You With my Ford

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (A).

The major words in the titles of works of art (but not short prepositions or the articles "the," "a," or "an," if they are not the first word of the title) should always be capitalized. Therefore, the correct answer is (A).


Question #4

Choose the word that is spelled correctly.

A. plateau
B. temparature
C. cataloge
D. phisician

Answer & Explanation
The correct answer is (A). 

Answer (B) is incorrect as it contains a mistake: temparature should be temperature.
Answer (C) is incorrect as it contains a mistake: cataloge should be either catalogue or catalog.
Answer (D) is incorrect as it contains a mistake: phisician should be physician.

What PERT Scores do You Need to Pass?

The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test (PERT) doesn't have a traditional "pass" or "fail" scoring system. Instead, it's used to determine your current academic skill level, particularly in Mathematics, Reading, and Writing, to place you in the appropriate college courses. 

However, there are specific placement test scores threshold that indicate college readiness. Here's a general idea of what this score range usually looks like: 

  1. Mathematics: A score of around 114 or higher typically indicates readiness for college-level math courses. 
  2. Reading: A score of approximately 106 or higher generally suggests readiness for college-level reading assignments. 
  3. Writing: A score in the vicinity of 103 or higher is often considered indicative of college-level writing skills. 

These scores can vary slightly depending on the institution. It's important to check with the specific college or university you're interested in attending for their particular score requirements. Remember, if your scores are below these thresholds, it usually means you'll be placed in developmental courses to improve your skills before taking on college-level work. 

PERT Testing FAQ's


Are Calculators Allowed on the PERT? 

Calculators are not generally allowed. The test is designed in a way that the math problems can be solved without a calculator.

However, for certain math questions, a pop-up calculator is provided on the computer screen within the test interface.

This means that when you take the PERT you can use this on-screen calculator for specific questions where it's deemed necessary, but you cannot bring your own calculator into the test. 

How Long is the PERT? 

The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test (PERT) is untimed, allowing test-takers to work through the questions at their own pace.

However, the average time to complete the test is usually around three hours. 

How Many Questions are on the PERT? 

The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test (PERT) typically consists of three sections: Reading, Writing ,and Mathematics. Each of these sections contains approximately 30 questions (this varies as the test is adaptive), making a total of around 90 questions for the entire test.

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